Bumisuka.com – First Aid for Brain Bleeding That Can Save Lives. Bad news came from Tukul Arwana. This senior comedian was rushed to the hospital due to a brain hemorrhage. Described on the National Library of Medicine page, brain hemorrhage is a type of stroke. It is caused by a ruptured artery in the brain causing local bleeding in the surrounding tissue. This bleeding can kill brain cells.
Stroke is a medical emergency. Therefore, rapid intervention is needed to increase individual chances of survival and reduce the risk of long-term disability.
Below, we will explain the first aid guide that must be done for someone who has a brain hemorrhage or stroke. The following information has been summarized from several sources.
1. Recognize the symptoms
The first step you need to do is identify the signs of a stroke. To help you remember the signs, you can use the acronym FAST:
- F (Face)= Face: do you see changes in the person’s face? Does the person’s mouth appear to droop on one side?
- A (Arms) = Arms: is the patient able to raise both arms? Does the person’s arm fly down or is he able to hold it?
- S (Speech) = Speaking: is the patient still able to repeat simple sentences? Or is the speech unclear?
- T (Time) = Time: if the person experiences one of the signs above, then you must immediately call an ambulance.
2. If the individual is conscious
While waiting for the ambulance to arrive, you can do the following for a patient who is still conscious:
- Place the person carefully into a comfortable position. Ideally, the individual should lie on their side with their head and shoulders slightly elevated and supported by something, such as a pillow, clothing, cloth, or bag. Then, try not to move it.
- Loosen tight clothing, like buttoned shirt collars, scarves, or anything else.
- Cover the individual’s body with a blanket or jacket to keep warm.
- Check that the person’s airway is clear. If there is something, such as vomit, that is obstructing breathing, place the individual on their side.
- Do not give the patient any food or drink.
- Note the symptoms the person exhibits and the time the symptoms started. This is important so that later you can provide as complete information as possible to the medical staff who help.
- Keep reassuring the person that help will arrive soon and you are trying to help them.
3. If the individual is in an unconscious state
If the person is unconscious, you can take the following steps:
1. Place the patient into the recovery position, namely:
- Kneel beside the patient.
- Position the drooping arm in the proper position on the body. Meanwhile, the other arm is in the chest position.
- The drooping leg should be kept straight. Bend the other knee.
- Support the head and neck and roll the person onto their side, so their lower leg is straight and their top leg is bent at the knee, with the knee touching the ground.
- Tilt your head forward and down slightly so that any vomit can flow out.
- If needed, you can help clean the person’s mouth.
2. Monitor airway. To do this:
- Lift the person’s chin and tilt their head slightly back.
- Observe the victim’s chest, see if there is movement.
- Place your cheek over your mouth to listen for breath sounds.
3. If there are no signs of breathing, start cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) or cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)
4. How to do CPR
CPR is a first aid technique that aims to save the lives of people whose breathing and heartbeat have stopped. This can be done until the ambulance arrives and medical personnel perform further assistance to save his life.
For individuals who have never received CPR training, the American Heart Association (AHA) recommends performing hand-only CPR, that is, pressing hard and fast on the center of the chest.
Meanwhile, for people who have received CPR training and wear a mouth guard, they can provide high-quality chest compressions and rescue breaths at a rate of 2 breaths for every 30 compressions. If you don’t have a mouth guard, the person who wants to help can only do compression.
Those are some things that can be done as first aid for brain bleeding or stroke. How quickly a stroke is treated is critical to saving lives, so don’t hesitate to provide emergency assistance when you see someone with signs of a stroke while waiting for an ambulance to arrive. Finally, as with any illness, keeping a positive attitude and having a support system can go a long way toward recovery.