Bumisuka.com – According to Study Alcohol Affects Fertility and Birth Rates. A person’s fertility level is influenced by various factors, one of which is the food and drinks consumed. Recent research published in the journal Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica that regular alcohol consumption can reduce the chances of getting pregnant and giving birth.
The study also found that alcohol consumption in men may affect the risk of miscarriage after fertility treatment. Researchers are still studying how alcohol and caffeine can affect fertility.
1. Involved 26,922 women
This study was conducted to evaluate the association between caffeine and alcohol consumption and outcomes of in vitro fertilization (IVF) and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI).
This study used 12 studies on caffeine consumption and 14 studies on alcohol consumption that were included in the systematic review. Seven and nine studies were eligible for meta-analysis.
Overall, the study involved 26,922 women and their partners undergoing IVF or ICSI. The researchers also analyzed data on people undergoing fertility treatment.
2. Alcohol consumption affects the success rate of pregnancy
They found that caffeine did not appear to affect women’s ability to conceive or successful delivery after fertility treatment.
On the other hand, people who drank as much as 84 grams of alcohol a week had a 7 percent lower chance of getting pregnant compared to people who didn’t drink alcohol.
Interestingly, the male partner who consumed alcohol also affected the success rate of pregnancy after fertility treatment. When men consumed 84 grams of alcohol a week, the birth rate decreased by 9 percent.
From these results, it can be concluded that women who consume alcohol have a decreased likelihood of achieving pregnancy. When the male partner consumes alcohol, there is an increased risk of miscarriage.
3. Alcohol can cause hormonal imbalance
Doctor Brindha Bavan, reproductive medicine and fertility specialist at Stanford Medicine Children’s Health, United States, told Healthline that alcohol can cause hormonal imbalances. This can interfere with the embryo’s ability to implant into the uterine wall.
Alcohol can cause oxidative stress throughout the body and affect egg quality.
Alcohol consumption in men can also affect pregnancy after fertility treatment. This is associated with erectile dysfunction and lower sperm quality. Alcohol can also cause genetic changes in sperm.
Research has shown that alcohol has a significant impact on fertility and birth. Alcohol is believed to cause hormonal imbalances, alter the health of the uterus, and impair sperm quality. Since alcohol does more harm than good, it’s best to limit it or avoid it altogether.