Bumisuka.com – 5 Causes and Ways to Overcome White Spots on Teeth. Clinically, the formation of white spots on teeth is called decalcification. This condition can occur due to various factors, ranging from diet, poor dental health, to certain medical conditions.
Although sometimes not a cause for concern, the formation of white spots on the teeth can be bothersome for some people. Moreover, these stains are difficult to remove with daily dental care habits.
Therefore, knowing the cause will help prevent this condition early on. So, here are some of the most common causes of white spots on teeth and how to overcome them. Pay attention, yes!
1. Diet or diet
Decalcification occurs due to weakening of tooth enamel (the outer protective layer of teeth), making it susceptible to bacterial decay and plaque or tartar. Consumption of certain types of food and drinks can cause this condition, some of which are as follows.
- Foods or drinks that are very sour and sweet, such as lemons, oranges, soda and carbonated drinks;
- sticky foods, such as candy;
- starchy foods: pasta, bread, potato chips; and
- substances that dry out the mouth, such as alcohol and tobacco.
Reported by Insider, consumption of foods or drinks that contain lots of sugar can combine with oral bacteria to form acid. This condition can then eat away at the enamel and cause tooth decay, such as white spots.
In addition, lack of nutrients, such as calcium and phosphorus, can also cause white spots on the teeth, because both are important minerals that support healthy teeth. It can be found in milk, chicken, seeds and nuts.
2. Poor dental and oral hygiene
Poor dental and oral hygiene can lead to a buildup of bacterial plaque. This condition can erode important teeth minerals, weaken the enamel and cause tooth decay, such as white spots. If left unchecked, this has the potential to cause cavities.
To keep your teeth and mouth clean, brush your teeth regularly in the right way. You can also get used to flossing to maximize cleaning between your teeth.
3. Use of braces
Orthodontic treatment, such as braces, can also trigger white spots to appear on the teeth. The reason is, this treatment often makes it difficult to clean teeth optimally and triggers plaque buildup as described earlier.
If you use this treatment with inadequate dental hygiene, white spots can usually appear around the teeth or the bracket installation site. So, try to maintain and care for the brackets and teeth properly, OK?
Fluorosis is white spots on the teeth caused by excess consumption of fluoride. This can happen from ingesting too many or too many fluoride products, such as toothpaste, mouthwash, and drinking water.
Fluorosis only occurs in children aged 8 years and under, to be precise when the child’s permanent teeth are growing. However, the white spots it causes can last until the child grows up.
No need to worry, fluorosis is generally harmless. However, it can also degrade a person’s appearance if the symptoms are severe in the form of white or brown patches covering the entire surface of the teeth.
5. Enamel hypoplasia
Enamel hypoplasia is a condition that occurs when the enamel doesn’t develop properly. This causes the enamel layer to thin and is prone to various dental problems, including white spots.
There are many factors that cause enamel hypoplasia. Among them are genetic factors, smoking habits, malnutrition, especially vitamin D, during pregnancy, low birth weight, and premature birth.
6. How to deal with white spots on teeth
There are many ways to prevent white spots on the teeth, such as maintaining fluoride intake, especially in children, maintaining oral and dental hygiene, and limiting consumption of sweet or very sour foods and drinks.
However, if white spots appear on your teeth, they can only be removed with cosmetic dental treatment. Options vary depending on the severity. Here are some recommendations.
- Enamel microabrasion: conservative treatment aimed at removing light tooth spots. This is done by rubbing a solution of hydrochloric acid and a pumice stone to remove white spots on the teeth.
- Teeth whitening: just like microabrasion, this option is usually also intended for mild cases. The goal is to match the color of tooth enamel.
- Veneers: this treatment involves placing special porcelain on the surface of the teeth so that it can cover the white spots on the teeth.
- Topical fluoride: this is usually recommended for white patches due to enamel hypoplasia. The goal is to encourage the development of tooth enamel and prevent decay.
White spots on the teeth occur due to many factors, such as diet, poor dental and oral hygiene, fluorosis, and enamel hypoplasia. If you have this condition and want to get rid of it, discuss it with your doctor to get the best treatment option.